if this issue only occurs when using Chrome then try checking the extensions and if need be remove them to test.
Run a sfc scan and see if all is ok with Windows:
Open an admin command prompt, type:
Post any dump files you may have.
I found this in your dump file:
DISK_HARDWARE_ERROR: There was error with disk hardware
Also looking at the images you supplied above I would say that your main drive has too much data on it for it to work effectively. If thats the drive that Windows runs from then ideally you want to...