You will also see this in Windows 8. It is scheduled by Task Scheduler by default in both OS's to do some network inventory. Can be found in Task Scheduler, Windows, NetTrace.
If your wondering if its infected (as it is possible for a vbs file to be maliciously altered), you can check the MD5 sum of these files,
Windows 8's gatherNetworkInfo.vbs should have a sum of bc9cccbe9800c732940c7f8ed335b7d9
Windows 7's should have a sum of 2ae808cb0d9a667b0cf41ea74b3b9bac
If these files have been altered I suggest running a malware and virus scan, as well as "sfc /scannow" to replace corrupted files.