You may not increase the font size of everything by "1pt", but you can increase the font sizes of Windows in percents.
To accomplish this, go to Start -> Search -> Display
For custom scaling, see the left hand corner of the screen, last option. "Custom DPI Scaling".
If you want to increase only browser windows, in IE or Firefox, use Ctrl + and Ctrl - keys to magnify the size of the screen.
If you want to temporarily increase the size of parts of the screen, launch the screen magnifier using Windows Key + and Windows Key -
With some fine tuning, you can get the look you are looking for. It is always recommended for the life and performance of your monitor to keep it in its native resolution. But if you really cannot stand it you can always change that as well.