Yes, but you'd still need drivers since XP doesn't come with any for sata
Why are you so hot for XP? If I'm missing something here I apologize.
I just upgraded my old Dell 8" tablet (SSD) from Win 8.1 to Win 10... For free. No issues.
Linux (SSD friendly) is also an option. I like, Lubuntu. Good for older machines. Also, comes with a large repository.