Yep, that seems to be a problem. Here are the updates that failed to install:
KB2538243 (Visual C++ 2008 Service Pack)
KB3081436 (Cumulative Update for Windows 10)
KB3081438 (same as above)
[ETA: I've been restarting both warm boot and cold boot all day with no luck]
Don't know how to hide updates on this version of Windows. I did turn off updates for other MS products, no help. One thing that is troubling is a notice in red text that I never saw before: 'some settings are managed by your organization'. Might it have something to do with admin permissions?
ETA: Apparently I'm not the only one having troubles. I suspected that forced automatic updates would be a problem given Microsoft's history with patches and 'updates' that fix one thing and break three others, and it seems as though I was right.
The C++ update appears to be for Visual Studio 2008 and was published on 4/5/2012. You might be able to take care of it through Visual Studio. If you still have that application you might be able to download it manually and try installing that way, if it will work on Windows 10.
That update was triggered by Extensis Suitcase font manager.
I wound up reverting to a 'vanilla' clean install of 10 and I'm in the process of reinstalling all my apps. It's a total PITA and I surely hope Microsoft will reconsider this ill-advised strategy of forcing updates.
Since I don't show that update for my C ++ 2008 installs, what you say may be correct in that the utility is using an older version of C++ and has to do the SP1 upgrade. If you installed C++ yourself, do you think it could help so the utility would not need that update?